Russia’s Forgotten Genocide, is a story of Russias first and most destructive campaigns against the circassian population in the Caucaus area.
(Short video essay about the Circassian genocide. Directed by Kasafilms.)
The Circassian genocide was the ethnic cleansing, killing, forced migration, and expulsion of the majority of the Circassians from their historical homeland Circassia, which roughly encompassed the major part of the North Caucasus and the northeast shore of the Black Sea.
This occurred in the aftermath of the Caucasian War in the last quarter of the 19th century. The displaced people moved primarily to the Ottoman Empire.Unfortunately, the genocide was too far removed from European concerns to attract much attention.
Britain, Circassia’s lukewarm supporter, was more interested in challenging Russia in Central Asia in the 1860s. After the Circassians disappeared from their homeland, the world forgot them. It is only recently, since the 2014 Winter Olympics was awarded to Sochi—ironically the location of Circassia’s first and only parliament—that some attention has been paid to the tragedy.
Ethnic Circassians observe a day of remembrance for their murdered ancestors each year, on the 21st of May.